[Leetcode]1520. Maximum Number of Non-Overlapping Substrings

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Given a string s of lowercase letters, you need to find the maximum number of non-emptysubstrings of s that meet the following conditions:
The substrings do not overlap, that is for any two substrings s[i..j] and s[k..l], either j < k or i > l is true.
A substring that contains a certain character c must also contain all occurrences of c.
Find the maximum number of substrings that meet the above conditions. If there are multiple solutions with the same number of substrings, return the one with minimum total length. It can be shown that there exists a unique solution of minimum total length.
Notice that you can return the substrings in any order.
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[Leetcode]1508. Range Sum of Sorted Subarray Sums

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Given the array nums consisting of n positive integers. You computed the sum of all non-empty continous subarrays from the array and then sort them in non-decreasing order, creating a new array of n * (n + 1) / 2 numbers.
Return the sum of the numbers from index left to index right (indexed from 1), inclusive, in the new array. Since the answer can be a huge number return it modulo 10^9 + 7.
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[Leetcode]1513. Number of Substrings With Only 1s

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Given a binary string s (a string consisting only of '0' and '1's).
Return the number of substrings with all characters 1's.
Since the answer may be too large, return it modulo 10^9 + 7.
 
Example 1:
Input: s = "0110111" Output: 9 Explanation: There are 9 substring in total with only 1's characters. "1" -> 5 times. "11" -> 3 times. "111" -> 1 time.
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[Leetcode]1514. Path with Maximum Probability

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You are given an undirected weighted graph of n nodes (0-indexed), represented by an edge list where edges[i] = [a, b] is an undirected edge connecting the nodes a and b with a probability of success of traversing that edge succProb[i].
Given two nodes start and end, find the path with the maximum probability of success to go from start to end and return its success probability.
If there is no path from start to endreturn 0. 
Example 1:
Input: n = 3, edges = [[0,1],[1,2],[0,2]], succProb = [0.5,0.5,0.2], start = 0, end = 2 
Output: 0.25000 
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[Leetcode]1498. Number of Subsequences That Satisfy the Given Sum Condition

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Given an array of integers nums and an integer target.
Return the number of non-empty subsequences of nums such that the sum of the minimum and maximum element on it is less or equal than target.
Since the answer may be too large, return it modulo 10^9 + 7.
Input: nums = [3,3,6,8], target = 10
Output: 6
Explanation: There are 6 subsequences that satisfy the condition. (nums can have repeated numbers).
[3] , [3] , [3,3], [3,6] , [3,6] , [3,3,6]
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[Leetcode]1497. Check If Array Pairs Are Divisible by k

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Given an array of integers arr of even length n and an integer k.
We want to divide the array into exactly n / 2 pairs such that the sum of each pair is divisible by k.
Return True If you can find a way to do that or False otherwise.
 
Example 1:
Input: arr = [1,2,3,4,5,10,6,7,8,9], k = 5 Output: true 
Explanation: Pairs are (1,9),(2,8),(3,7),(4,6) and (5,10).
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[Leetcode problems]1488. Avoid Flood in The City

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Your country has an infinite number of lakes. Initially, all the lakes are empty, but when it rains over the nth lake, the nth lake becomes full of water. If it rains over a lake which is full of water, there will be a flood. Your goal is to avoid the flood in any lake.
Given an integer array rains where:
rains[i] > 0 means there will be rains over the rains[i] lake.
rains[i] == 0 means there are no rains this day and you can choose one lake this day and dry it.
Return an array ans where:
ans.length == rains.length
ans[i] == -1 if rains[i] > 0.
ans[i] is the lake you choose to dry in the ith day if rains[i] == 0.
If there are multiple valid answers return any of them. If it is impossible to avoid flood return an empty array.
Notice that if you chose to dry a full lake, it becomes empty, but if you chose to dry an empty lake, nothing changes. (see example 4)
 
Example 1:
Input: rains = [1,2,3,4] Output: [-1,-1,-1,-1]
Example 2:
Input: rains = [1,2,0,0,2,1] Output: [-1,-1,2,1,-1,-1]
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[Leetcode problems]1482. Minimum Number of Days to Make m Bouquets

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Given an integer array bloomDay, an integer m and an integer k.
We need to make m bouquets. To make a bouquet, you need to use k adjacent flowers from the garden.
The garden consists of n flowers, the ith flower will bloom in the bloomDay[i] and then can be used in exactly one bouquet.
Return the minimum number of days you need to wait to be able to make m bouquets from the garden. If it is impossible to make m bouquets return -1.
 
Example 1:
Input: bloomDay = [1,10,3,10,2], m = 3, k = 1 
Output: 3 
Explanation: Let's see what happened in the first three days. x means flower bloomed and _ means flower didn't bloom in the garden. We need 3 bouquets each should contain 1 flower. After day 1: [x, _, _, _, _] // we can only make one bouquet. After day 2: [x, _, _, _, x] // we can only make two bouquets. After day 3: [x, _, x, _, x] // we can make 3 bouquets. The answer is 3.
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